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Here you will find a list of publications that relates to gender, gender equality and ethnic diversity in research, including higher education, youth’s interests and results in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics). 

The list primarily consists of publications which is based on a Norwegian context. International publications are also included, mainly related to ethnic diversity as a thematic area. This is because there is less research on this topic in Norway. 

To some extent, the list also include “grey” literature such as working papers. The list is in reverse chronological order and will be continuously updated. 

Einersen, A. F. et al. (2021) Sexism in danish higher education and research. Understanding, exploring, acting.
Read the book online: Seximsedu 

Orupabo J. & Mangset, M. (2021) Promoting Diversity but Striving for Excellence: Opening the ‘Black Box’ of Academic Hiring. Sociology
Read the Article  

Pietilä, M., Drange, I., Silander, C., & Vabø, A. (2021). Gender and Globalization of Academic Labor Markets: Research and Teaching Staff at Nordic Universities. Social Inclusion, 9(3), 69-80. Read the Article

Riese, H. & Harlap, Y. (2021) “We don’t throw stones, we throw flowers”: race discourse and race evasiveness in the Norwegian university classroom. Ethnic and Racial Studies.  
Read the Article 

Riese, H. & Harlap, Y. (2021) Race talk and white normativity: classroom discourse and narratives in Norwegian higher education. Teaching in Higher Education.   
Read the Article

Riese, H., & Harlap, Y. (2021). Utdanning, rasialisering og tilhørighetens grenser. Nordisk Tidsskrift for Pedagogikk Og Kritikk, 7. 
Read the Article
Steffy, K. (2021). Gendered Patterns of Unmet Resource Need among Academic Researchers. Socius.
Read the Article
Read more here

Witteman, H. O., Haverfield, J. & Tannenbaum, C. (2021). COVID-19 gender policy changes support female scientists and improve research quality. PNAS Vol. 118 No. 6 e2023476118
Read the Article at PNAS

Zhang, L., Sivertsen, G., Du, H. et al. (2021). Gender differences in the aims and impacts of research. Scientometrics 126, 8861–8886 (2021).
Read the Article

ERAC Standing Working Group on Gender in Research and Innovation (SWG GRI) (2020): Report on the Implementation of Targets: Follow-Up on the 2018 Guidance Recommendations. ERAC  
Read the Working paper  

ERAC Standing Working Group on Gender in Research and Innovation (SWG GRI) (2020): Position paper on the current COVID-19 outbreak and gendered impacts on researchers and teachers. WK 5659/2020 INIT  
Read the Working paper

ERAC Standing Working Group on Gender in Research and Innovation (SWG GRI) (2020): Position paper on the future gender equality priority in the European Research Area 2020-2030. ERAC 1204/20 
Read the Position paper 

Carlsson, M., Finseraas, H., Midtbøen, A. H. & Rafnsdóttir, L. G. (2020). Gender Bias in Academic Recruitment? Evidence from a Survey Experiment in the Nordic Region. European Sociological Review, 1-12.  
Read the Article 

Hebe, G. & Sæbø Steine, F. (2020). Statistics on Diversity in Research. The proporton of immigrants in Norwegian academia contnues to grow. NIFU Insight 2020-19
Read the publication

Moratti, S. (2020). Do low-openness, low-transparency procedures in academic hiring disadvantage women? Soc Sci 2020, 9(6), 89. May 2020.  
Read the abstract   

Myklebust, R. B. (2020). Gendered repertoires in nursing: New conceptualisations of educational gender segregation. Gender and Education, October 2018.
Read the article 

Myklebust, R. B. (2020). Skilful sailors and natural nurses. Exploring assessments of competence in female- and male-dominated study fields. Journal of Education and Work.
Read the article 

The Royal Irish Academy and the British Council in Ireland. (2020). Race and Ethnicity in Higher Education in Ireland and the UK. The Royal Irish Academy.
Read the report at The Royal Irish Academy (RIA)

Traavik, L. E. M. (2020). Are you joking? Humor and inclusive leadership. I J. Marques (red.) The Routledge Companion to Inclusive Leadership. (s. 313-322). New York: Routledge.    

Universities UK. (2020). Tackling racial harassment in higher education. London.
Read the report at UUK

Utoft, E. H. (2020). Maneuvering within postfeminism: A study of gender equality practitioners in Danish academia. Gender work and Organization
Read the Article 

Utoft, E. H. (2020). ‘All the single ladies’ as the ideal academic during
times of COVID-19?. Feminist Frontiers, Volume 27, Issue 5, page 778-787. 
Read the Article

ERAC Standing Working Group on Gender in Research and Innovation (SWG GRI) (2019): Innovating innovation: Policy brief on gender and innovation. ERAC policy brief 1210/19
Read the Policy brief

Aksnes, D. W., Piro, F. N. & Rørstad, K. (2019). Gender gaps in international research collaboration: a bibliometric approach. Scientometrics. August 2019, Volume 120, Issue 2, pp 747–774.
Read the paper

Claeys-Kulik, Jørgensen,T. E. & Stöber, H. (2019). Diversity, equity and inclusion in European higher education institutions: results from the INVITED project. Belgium: European University Association (EUA)
Read the report 

Reisel, L., Hermansen, A. S. & Kindt, M. T. (2019). Norway: Ethnic (In)equality in a social-Democratic Welfare State. In: Stevens, P. & Dworkin, A. G. (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Race and Ethnic Inequalities in Education, pp 843-884, chapter 20.
Read the chapter

Thun, C. (2019). Excellent and gender equal? Academic motherhood and ‘gender blindness’ in Norwegian academia. Gender Work and Organization, April 2019.
Read abstract

Orupabo, J., Drange, I. & Abrahamsen, B. (2019). Multiple frames of success: how second-generation immigrants experience educational support and belonging in higher education. High Educ 79, 921–937. . 
Read the article

Dobbin, F., & Kalev, A. (2018). Why Diversity Training Doesn’t Work: The Challenge for Industry and Academia. Anthropology Now 10 (2):48-55. 
Read the article

Kindt, M. Takvam (2018). Beyond heritage and acculturation. Accounts of upbringing, choices, and plans from children of immigrants in prestigious higher education in Norway. Oslo: University of Oslo.
Notes: PhD - Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Oslo.
Read PhD thesis

Korsvik, R. T. (2018). What is the gender dimension in research? Case studies in interdisciplinary research.
Download from Kilden

Moratti, S. (2018). What’s in a word? On the use of metaphors to describe the careers of women academics. Gender and Education, October 2018.
Read abstract

Myklebust, R. B. (2018). Resistance and persistence: exploring gender-untypical educational choices. British Journal of Sociology of Education (15).  
Read the article 

Nygaard, L. P. & Bahgat, K. (2018). What’s in a number? How and why measuring research productivity in different ways changes the gender gap. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, xxx, s. 1-13

Nygaard, L. P. & Bellanova, R. (2018). Lost in Quantification: Scholars and the Politics of Bibliometrics, in Curry, Mary Jane; & Theresa Lillis, eds, Global Academic Publishing: Policies, Perspectives and Pedagogies. Bristol: Multilingual Matters (23–36)

Nygaard, L. P. (2017). Publishing and perishing: an academic literacies framework for investigating research productivity. Studies in Higher Education, 42(3), s. 519-532

Sümer, S. (2017). Difference as Resource? A Pilot Study on Diversity at Uni Research. Uni Research Rokkan Centre

Solheim, M. C. W. & Fitjar, R. D. (2016). Foreign Workers Are Associated with Innovation, But Why? International Networks as a Mechanism. International Regional Science Review, 41(3), s. 311-334

Committee for Gender Balance and Diversity in Research. Curt Rice (chair). Rødland, A. W. (2016). Using restructuring to promote gender equality and diversity – a guide for the research sector. Oslo: KIF Committee
Download the guide: reader-friendly version and printer-friendly version
Read more: New guide for gender equality and diversity
New equality tool for mergers

Egeland, C., et al. (2016). ‘Being a foreigner is no advantage’. Career paths and barriers for immigrants in Norwegian academia. AFI Report 2016:12.
Download the report at the Work Research Institute (AFI)
Read more: Diversity in academia: Immigrants want to be included, but aren’t

Abrahamsen, B. & Drange, I. (2015). Ethnic minority students’ career expectations in prospective professions: navigating between ambitions and discrimination. Sociology, Vol. 49.
Read the article

Galinsky, A. D., Todd, A. R., Homan, A.C., Phillips, K. W., Apfelbaum, E. P., Sasaki, S. J., Richeson, J. A., Olayon, J. B. & Maddux, W. M. (2015). Maximizing the Gains and Minimizing the Pains of Diversity: A Policy Perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 10 (6) 742 –748. 
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Kemp, L. J., Angell, L., & McLoughlin, L. (2015). The symbolic meaning of artefacts for the workplace identity of women in academia. Gender in Management, 30(5), 379-396. 
Read the article

Fjærtoft, R. Røhme (2014). Multiple job holding and Labour decisions among Norwegian Medical doctors. Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo

Reubena, E., Sapienzab, P. & Zingales, L. (2014). How stereotypes impair women’s careers in science. PNAS, 111 nr. 12, s 4403–4408
Read more and download the article at

Committee for Gender Balance in Research. Gerd Bjørhovde (chair). Bergman S. (ed.). (2013). The Nordic region - a step closer to gender balance in research? Joint Nordic strategies and measures to promote gender balance among researchers in academia. TemaNord 2013:544. Nordic Council of Ministers 2013
Download the report at
Read more: The Nordic region – a gender equality paradise?

Kyvik, S. & Bentleyz, P.S. (2013). “Individual Differences in Faculty Research Time Allocations Across 13 Countires”. Research in Higher Education 54(3), p. 329-348

Piro, F.N., Aksnes, D.W. & Rørstad, K. (2013). “A macro analysis of productivity differences across fields: Challenges in the measurement of scientific publishing”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 64(2), p. 307–320 
Read more and download the article here

Østby, G., Strand, H., Nordås, R. & Gleditsch N.P. (2013). Gender gap or gender bias in peace research? Publication patterns and citation rates for Journal of Peace Research, 1983–2008. International Studies Perspectives, 14, nr. 4, s. 493–506
Read more at International Studies Perspectives

Ljunggren, E., & Kvidal, T. (2012). “Implementing ‘a Gender Perspective’ in an Innovation Policy Programme”. In: Andersson, al. (Eds.) Promoting Innovation - Policies, practices and procedures. VInnoVA Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation System
Download or order the rapport here

Milkman, K. L., Akinola, M. & Chugh, D. (2012). Temporal distance and discrimination: An audit study in academia. Psychological Science, 23(7), 710-717. 
Read the article 

Seierstad, C., & Healy, G. (2012). “Women’s equality in the Scandinavian academy: A distant dream?”. Work, Employment & Society 26(2), p. 296-313. SAGE
Read summary

Sørensen, K. H., Faulkner, W. og Rommes E. (2012). Techologies of Inclusion: Gender in the Information Society. Tapir Academic Press
Read summary

Corneliussen, H. G. (2012). Gender-Technology Relations: Exploring Stability and Change. Palgrave Macmillan

Bøe, M. V. (2012). What’s in it for me? Norwegian students’ choices of post-compulsory science in an expectancy-value perspective. Oslo: University of Oslo, Department of Teacher Education and School Research. 
Notes: Ph. d.- University of Oslo 
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Karlsen, H. (2011). Not so unconventional after all: a quantitative study of men in care-oriented study programmes and professional occupations in Norway. Oslo: Oslo and Akershus College of Applied Sciences, Centre for the Study of Professions. 
Notes: Ph. d. - Oslo and Akershus college of applied sciences

Aksnes, D. W., Rørstad, K., Piro, F., Sivertsen, G. (2011). Are female researchers less cited? A large-scale study of Norwegian scientists. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. Volume 62, Issue 4, p. 628–636
Read more abourt the article: NIFU

Manuh, T. (2010). Gender Mainstreaming in the NUFU Programme. University of Ghana. SIU report series
Read more and download the report here

Committee for Gender Balance in Research. Gerd Bjørhovde (chair), Rustad, L. M. & Rødland, A. W. (eds.). (2010). Talent at stake. Changing the Culture of Research - Gender-sensitive leadership. Oslo: The committee
Read more: New booklet: Talent at stake
Download the booklet (.pdf)

Ministry of Education and Research (2009). Climate for Research. Summary in English: Report no. 30 to the Storting (2008-2009). Print: Government Administration Services 07/09 - Impression 400
Download the report here

Committee for Mainstreaming - Women in Science. Gerd Bjørhovde (chair).(2008). Positive action in Norwegian higher education and research: Challenges and opportunities 2008– 2010. [Oslo: the Committee]
Download the report here

Committee for Mainstreaming - Women in Science. Kari Melby (chair). (2007). Gender balance in academia – golden opportunities: final report final report from the Committee for Mainstreaming – Women in Science in Norway 2004-2007. [Oslo, the Committee]. Pages: 34 p.
Notes: This English report is an abridged and reworked version of the original Norwegian document: Kjønnsbalanse i akademia - gylne muligheter: Sluttrapport fra Komité for integreringstiltak - kvinner i forskning 2004-2006: Download .pdf
Download the English report here

Støren, L. A. & Arnesen C. Å. (2007). Women’s and men’s choice of higher education – what explains the persistent sex segregation in Norway? Studies in Higher Education, 32(2), 253-275.
Read summary

Schreiner, C. (2006). Exploring a ROSE-garden: Norwegian youth’s orientations towards science - seen as signs of late modern identities: based on ROSE (The Relevance of Science Education), a comparative study of 15 year old students’ perceptions of science and science education. [Oslo]: Department of Teacher Education and School Development, Faculty of Education, University of Oslo, Unipub. Pages: 315 p. ill.
Notes: Ph. d. (dr. scient.) - University of Oslo
Read the thesis at the University of Oslo

Sinnes, A. (2006). Three approaches to gender equity in science education. Nordina, 3, p. 72-83

Olsen, T. B., Kyvik, S. & Hovdhaugen, E. (2005). The promotion to full professor - through competition or by individual competence?. Tertiary Education and Management. Dordrecht: Springer. P. 299-316

Lagesen, V. A. (2005). Extreme make-over? The making of gender and computer science. [Trondheim]: Department of Interdisciplinary Studies of Culture, Faculty of Arts, Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Pages: X, 285, 5, 2 s. ill.
Notes: Ph. d. - Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Lykknes, A. (2005). Ellen Gleditsch: professor, radiochemist, and mentor. Trondheim: Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Notes: Ph. d. - Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim

Mastekaasa, A. (2005). Gender Differences in Educational Attainment. The Case of Doctoral Degrees in Norway. British Journal of Sociology of Education 26(3): 375-394
Read more about the article: ERIC

Mastekaasa, A. & Smeby, J. C. (2005). Educational choice and persistence in male and female dominated fields. Oslo: Høgskolen i Oslo. Pages: 21 p.
Notes: Workingpaper; 03/05
Read more about the article: Springer

Eriksen, T. R. (2004). Gendered professional identity and professional knowledge in female health education - put into perspective by a follow-up study (1987-2002). NORA: Nordic Journal for Women’s Studies, 12(1), p. 20-30

Halsaa, B. (2004). Bed of Roses: Academic Feminism 1880-1980. In: H. Rømer Christensen, B. Halsaa & A. Saarinen (eds.), Crossing Borders: Re-mapping Women’s Movements at the Turn of the 21st Century (pp. 81-99). Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark

Mjelde, L. (2004). Women and apprenticeship: Industrial, technological skilling and gendering changes in the printing industry in Norway. In: A. Lindgren & A. Heikkinen (eds.), Social competences in vocational and continuing education (pp. 119-138). Bern: Peter Lang

Skaalvik, S. & Skaalvik, E. M. (2004). Gender differences in Math and verbal self-concept, performance expectations, and motivation. Sex Roles, 50(3-4), p. 241-252

Byberg, I. H. (2002). Immigrant women in Norway: A  summary of findings on demography, education, labour and income. Oslo: Statistics Norway

Lappegård, T. (2002). Education attainment and fertility pattern among Norwegian women. Oslo: Statistics Norway

Nilsen, M. M. (ed.) (2002). Women in academia: a Nordic perspective: proceedings from the conference in Oslo 7th-9th May 2001. Oslo: NorFa. Pages: 52 p.: ill.

Skrede, K. (2002). Towards gender equality in Norway’s young generations?. In: J. Carling (ed.), Nordic demography: Trends and differentials (pp. 191-218). Oslo: Unipub Nordic Demographic Society

Rogg, E. (2001). Passion and Pain in Academia. Nora, 9, no. 3

Nielsen, H. B., & Rudberg, M. (2000). Gender, love and education in three generations - The way out and up. European Journal of Women’s Studies, 7(4), p. 423-453

Rønning, A. H. (2000). Gender, culture and powersharing in the Academy. In: M.-L. Kearney (ed.), Women, power and the Academy: From rhetoric to reality (pp. 99-109). Paris: UNESCO

Smeby, J. C. (2000). Same-gender relationships in graduate supervision. Higher Education, 40(1), p. 53-67

Busch, T., Fallan, L. & Pettersen, A. (1998). Gender differences in self-efficacy, goal commitment, organizational commitment and job satisfaction among university faculty. Trondheim: Høgskolen i Sør-Trøndelag, Avdeling for økonomisk-administrativ utdanning. Pages: 17 p. Volum: TØH-serien; 1998:9

Lexow, J. (1998). Education inventory on mainstreaming gender equality: overall report: final draft. Oslo: Nordic consulting group

Lexow, J. (1998). Education inventory on mainstreaming gender equality: overall report: part two: appendices. Oslo: Nordic consulting group

Nordli, H. (1998). From “Spice Girls” to cyber girls? The role of educational strategies in the construction of computer-enthusiastic girls in Norway. Trondheim: Senter for teknologi og samfunn, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet

Sumer, S. (1998). Incongruent modernities: A comparative study of higher educated women from urban Turkey and Norway. Acta Sociologica, 41(2), p. 115-129

Lippe, G. V. D. (1997). Gender discrimination in the Norwegian academia: a hidden male game or an inspiration for postmodern feminist praxis?. Critical postmodernism in human movement, physical education, and sport. P. 27-37

Manger, T. (1997). Gender differences in mathematical achievement among Norwegian elementary school students: mean differences, subskill differences, and relationships to mathematics self-concept and spatial visualization. Bergen: Department of Psychosocial Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen

Soerlie, V., Talseth, A. G., & Norberg, A. (1997). Male nurses - Reasons for entering and experiences of being in the profession. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(2), p. 113-118
Read summary here

Kyvik, S. & Teigen, M. (1996). Child Care, Research Collaboration and Gender Differences in Scientific Productivity. Science, Technology & Human Values, 21, no. 1, p. 54-71

Lie, S. S. et al. (eds.) (1994). The Gender gap in higher education. London: Kogan Page. Pages: x, 250 p.: ill. Volum: World yearbook of education

Nilsen, A. (1992). Women’s ways of “careering”: a life course approach to the occupational careers of three cohorts of engineers and teachers. [Bergen]: Department of Sociology, University of Bergen
Notes: (dr. philos.) - University of Bergen
See contents

Kyvik, S. (1991). Gender and productivity. Productivity in Academia: scientific publishing at Norwegian universities. Oslo: Rådet for samfunnsvitenskapelig forskning, NAVF: Universitetsforlaget. Pages: 256, 8 p.: fig. Volume: Studier i jus og samfunnsvitenskap; 5. Pages: 186-224
Notes: Rev. ed. of authors thesis published in 1990, title: Scientific publishing and productivity at Norwegian universities

Kyvik, S. (1990). Motherhood and scientific productivity. Social Studies of Science, 20, no. 1, p. 149-160

Eeg-Henriksen, F. (1985). The Role of women in higher education. The case of Norway. Oslo. Pages: 159 p. Volum: Notat / NAVF’s utredningsinstitutt; 8/85

Lie, S. S. (1966). An analysis of Norwegian educational attainment according to place of residence and sex, 1950. Washington, D.C.: The American University 1966. Pages: 210 p.

Other publications

See also a list of publications in English by the Committee for Gender Balance and Diversity in Research here

For new articles, books and other publications with a gender perspective: Kilden

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